LGBTQ* Heroes You Should Know
Evelyn Hooker started her career as an animal psychologist. While working at the University of California in the 1940s, Hooker befriended one of her students after he came out to her. Hooker was encouraged by this student to explore the nature of homosexuality. At this time, homosexuality was considered a mental illness and in many countries and states, a crime. Hooker was able to form a study group of 60 men, half of whom were gay, to a series of personality tests. The results were then placed before a series of physiological “experts” who were unable to conclude which of those tested were gay and which were straight.
In 1956/57, Evelyn Hooker submitted her work for review, arguing that there was nothing solid in research proving homosexuality was pathological.
A decade later, President Johnson appointed Hooker to the National Institute of Mental Health. This task force fought for the repeal of sodomy laws and is credited as one of the major organizations which influenced those responsible for removing homosexuality from the Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM) of mental illnesses presented by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) in 1973.
LGBTQ* Community History and Advertising
Mattachine Society Midwest, Law and the Homosexual
LGBTQ* History Through Photography
Outside of the Stonewall Inn — Following the 1969 Riots
Mattachine Society’s plea
*photographer: Fred W. McDarrah
LGBTQ* Art, Graphics and Advertising History
How the (Zebra) Got Its Spots
Mattachine Society Inc, of New York 1966
Poster reads: Homosexuals are different…. but… we believe they have the right to be. We believe that the civil rights and human dignity of homosexuals are as precious as those of any other citizen… we believe that the homosexual has the right to live, work and participate in a free society.
Mattachine defends the rights of homosexuals and tries to create a climate of understanding and acceptance.
(note: The Mattachine Society was one of the first public support/ally/equality resource groups in the United States. )
LGBTQ* Societies, Groups and Rallies
You Should Know
The Mattachine Society
Homophile group founded after the Society for Human Rights. The leading voice/publication from a homosexual equality groups during the early stages of LGBTQ* equality in the United States of America. Founded in 1950 by Harry Hay (founder of the Radical Faeries) and other male friends in Los Angeles.