LGBTQ* Heroes You Should Know
Evelyn Hooker started her career as an animal psychologist. While working at the University of California in the 1940s, Hooker befriended one of her students after he came out to her. Hooker was encouraged by this student to explore the nature of homosexuality. At this time, homosexuality was considered a mental illness and in many countries and states, a crime. Hooker was able to form a study group of 60 men, half of whom were gay, to a series of personality tests. The results were then placed before a series of physiological “experts” who were unable to conclude which of those tested were gay and which were straight.
In 1956/57, Evelyn Hooker submitted her work for review, arguing that there was nothing solid in research proving homosexuality was pathological.
A decade later, President Johnson appointed Hooker to the National Institute of Mental Health. This task force fought for the repeal of sodomy laws and is credited as one of the major organizations which influenced those responsible for removing homosexuality from the Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM) of mental illnesses presented by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) in 1973.
At its July meeting, the American Psychiatric Association’s Board of Trustees voted to endorse position statements in support of access to care and civil rights for transgender individuals.
The APA’s official positions:
Therefore, the American Psychiatric Association:
1. Supports laws that protect the civil rights of transgender and gender variant individuals
2. Urges the repeal of laws and policies that discriminate against transgender and gender variant individuals.
3. Opposes all public and private discrimination against transgender and gender variant individuals in such areas as health care, employment, housing, public accommodation, education, and licensing.
4. Declares that no burden of proof of such judgment, capacity, or reliability shall be placed upon these individuals greater than that imposed on any other persons.
5. Recognizes that appropriately evaluated transgender and gender variant individuals can benefit greatly from medical and surgical gender transition treatments.
6. Advocates for removal of barriers to care and supports both public and private health insurance coverage for gender transition treatment.
7. Opposes categorical exclusions of coverage for such medically necessary treatment when prescribed by a physician
From Transgender Persons Have Rights Too
Thanks Cael (writer of Lezbelib’s Exploring Gender)
(You can follow Cael’s Tumblr HERE)
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