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LGBTQ* People and History You Should Know

Lili Elbe < Einar Mogens Wegener>  (1886-1931) 
-  First known recipient of genital reconstruction surgery
-  Believed Lili may have been intersex (a doctor noticed rudimentary ovaries during on examination) and also found higher count of female hormones in blood tests
-  Married Gerda in 1906 – both worked as illustrators together
-  Started to dress in female attire and transition after marriage to Gerda, later referred to Gerda as her sister
- Later, publicly identified as Lili Elbe and maneuvered throughout society in the late 1920’s/1930’s with acceptance and tolerance from her immediate community
-  In 1930, Elbe went to Germany to meet with Sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld
-  She was then introduced to Dr. Warnekros in the Dresden Women’s Clinic
-   Her first surgery removed the male genitals (Hirschfeld supervised the procedure)
-   She had ovaries added during another surgery (later removed due to complications)
-  Her case marked medical review and fascination skyrocketing discussions of sexual reassignment and genital reconstruction in Germany and Denmark 
-  The government granted Lili legal documents with both sex and name changes
-  King of Denmark invalidated her marriage to Gerda in October 1930 (not in spite but because the marriage was no longer between a man and a woman)
-  Gerda remarried and Lili accepted a marriage proposal of her own
-  Lili Elbe died in 1931 – believed to be complications from surgeries
·        Man into Woman (edited by Ernst Ludwig Hathorn Jacobson using the pseudonym Niels Hoyer), was published in 1933. The book uses pseudonyms for her friends and those closest to her.

LGBTQ* People and History You Should Know


Lili Elbe < Einar Mogens Wegener>  (1886-1931) 

-  First known recipient of genital reconstruction surgery

-  Believed Lili may have been intersex (a doctor noticed rudimentary ovaries during on examination) and also found higher count of female hormones in blood tests

-  Married Gerda in 1906 – both worked as illustrators together

-  Started to dress in female attire and transition after marriage to Gerda, later referred to Gerda as her sister

- Later, publicly identified as Lili Elbe and maneuvered throughout society in the late 1920’s/1930’s with acceptance and tolerance from her immediate community

-  In 1930, Elbe went to Germany to meet with Sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld

-  She was then introduced to Dr. Warnekros in the Dresden Women’s Clinic

-   Her first surgery removed the male genitals (Hirschfeld supervised the procedure)

-   She had ovaries added during another surgery (later removed due to complications)

-  Her case marked medical review and fascination skyrocketing discussions of sexual reassignment and genital reconstruction in Germany and Denmark 

-  The government granted Lili legal documents with both sex and name changes

-  King of Denmark invalidated her marriage to Gerda in October 1930 (not in spite but because the marriage was no longer between a man and a woman)

-  Gerda remarried and Lili accepted a marriage proposal of her own

-  Lili Elbe died in 1931 – believed to be complications from surgeries

·        Man into Woman (edited by Ernst Ludwig Hathorn Jacobson using the pseudonym Niels Hoyer), was published in 1933. The book uses pseudonyms for her friends and those closest to her.